Although it is a shame to see any tree removed, sometimes a tree’s size, location, or current condition, such as diseased or dying, can mean that felling it is the only option. Trees can be removed in various ways, one of which is straight felling, where a tree is cut down from the base and felled over onto the ground where it can then be cleared up. Another option for removal is to sectionally fell a tree, whereby a tree is climbed via a rope and harness and then taken down in small bits, lowered to the ground, and then cleared away by ground staff.
There are many different ways of pruning a tree, and each method can achieve various and sometimes multiple outcomes. For instance, reducing a tree overall will make the tree smaller, but it can also create a better shape and reduce branch-end weights. This will mean that branches are a lot less likely to snap, therefore making the tree safer. Thinning a tree will make it look a lot more aesthetically pleasing, but it can also let a lot more light into a garden, allowing for grass or other plants to grow.
Reducing a tree is a method of pruning where the whole tree is made smaller by up to 30% overall. This process is normally carried out by climbing, and involves keeping the tree’s natural shape and cutting branches back to suitable growth points, where it will be able to re-sprout, without drastically affecting the tree’s health. Reduction is normally carried out when a tree has become too large for its position, when a tree below requires more light, or to reduce the risk of branches snapping.
A large, dense tree canopy can act like a sail on a boat, making a tree more susceptible to blowing over in the wind. It can also act like a screen and block any light from reaching the ground below. The action of thinning a tree involves taking out any dead, dying, crossing, rubbing, or duplicated branches. As mentioned above, this can allow for more light to pass through the canopy while also creating better airflow through the tree, reducing the risk of wind pushing it over. Pruning in this way can also make a tree a lot more pleasing to the eye, with the main stem becoming more visible and branch structure becoming more open.
A tree’s position close to a driveway or in front of a nice view to the open countryside can mean that lower branches get in the way. Crown lifting is essentially the removal of said branches. The tree is pruned in a way that it can heal from any cuts while the desired result is achieved, whether it’s allowing for cars to pass under it or for visibility to a garden and beyond.
The removal of dangerous deadwood not only makes a tree safer but also improves its health, making it look a lot better. Generally, deadwooding is carried out on more mature trees, as they have an abundance of deadwood which could fall out at any moment onto pedestrians, cars, or buildings below.
Although pollarding is now seen as an older method of pruning, it is still very effective. It can, however, affect the longevity of a tree. Mainly used on street trees, pollarding is where all leafy matter is removed, leaving a skeleton structure. The tree is then allowed to grow back and then re-pollarded on a set basis, such as every one, three, five, or 10 years. Epicormic growth pruning is the removal of young shoots on the base or in the canopy. This can efficiently tidy up a tree without harming it.
Hedges and bushes can be great for screening, and when trimmed can become beautiful green walls surrounding your boundary. But when badly trimmed or left to overgrow, they become unsightly and an annoyance to neighbours. Climbatize Ltd takes on all types of hedge work, from yearly top and side trimming to large topping work and reshaping.